Airblast for small acreage specialty crops

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About Jason Deveau (Spray_Guy)

Dr. Jason Deveau (@spray_guy) has been the OMAFRA Application Technology Specialist since '08. He researches and teaches methods to improve the safe, effective and efficient application of agricultural sprays in specialty crops, field crops and controlled environments. He is the co-administrator of Sprayers101, co-author of the Airblast101 Textbook, a slow cyclist and an even slower runner.

See all posts by Jason Deveau (Spray_Guy).

In June, 2014, I was invited to Durocher Farm in New Hampshire to see their new airblast sprayer. In years previous, spotted-wing drosophila was a significant pest in this two acre high bush blueberry planting. Since purchasing their new sprayer, they haven’t had any trouble. That’s quite an endorsement!

The Carrarospray ATVM (200 L pictured)
The Carrarospray ATVM (200 L pictured)

I’m not sure what I expected, but it wasn’t this tiny Italian-made Carrarospray. Designed to be pulled behind vehicles without PTO, this 400 liter airblast featured adjustable air deflectors, and was powered by a Briggs & Stratton four-stroke engine. It even had a trash guard, a “kick-stand” and a clean water tank for hand washing.

The value of such a small sprayer in blueberries was immediately obvious. It fit beautifully between the bushes, so the potential for physical damage to the berries was nil. The pull-start motor burned very little fuel and compared to a full-size sprayer, made less noise. The sprayer was pulled (in this case) by a mower, so the grower not only sprayed, but mowed his alleys at the same time.

However, the best feature was the two-foot diameter fan and deflectors – here’s why:

When I participate in sprayer workshops or help operators with coverage and calibration issues, it almost always comes down to matching the air to the crop canopy. You can read about it, here. In the case of grape, cane and bush crops, we struggle to choke back the air. Gear-up Throttle-down, fan gear and blade pitch are often brought into play. Exhausting those options, we’ve even had sprayer operators speed up to reduce the blow-through.

Coverage from the top-centre of the bush. Card is 2x3 inches.
Coverage from the top-centre of the bush. Card is 2×3 inches.

In this case, the air speed and volume was sufficient to displace the air in the blueberry canopy and replace it with spray-laden air with minimal blow-through. Combined with an appropriate spray volume and distribution over the boom, the results were excellent coverage and high efficiency.

Several companies offer economy-sized airblast models that are ATV trailed, skid-mounted or attached to a small tractor via a three point hitch. They are an effective and price-conscious choice for small acreage, small crops (e.g. bush and cane fruit and possibly grape) and young plantings when a backpack mistblower would take too long. PBM’s Lil Squirt is a simple and versatile option. Available primarily in the western US from California through to Washington.

PBM’s Lil Squirt (Image from their website)

Another option is the mistblower line from Big John Manufacturing in Newbraska.

BJ 3PT mistblower from Big John Manufacturing (Image from their website)

Or even Wisconsin’s Contree Sprayer and Equipment:

The “Terminator” skid-mounted mist blower from Contree Sprayer and Equipment (Image from their website)

When considering a new sprayer, consider the size of the canopy you want to spray, as well as the area of the planting. A small fan often means a small tank, and while that might translate to more frequent refills the reduction in blow-through (and reduction in wasted spray) is well worth it. Plus, reduced compaction, less physical contact with delicate berry crops and perhaps you can claw back some time by mowing your alleys while you spray.

Thanks to George Hamilton, Kitt Plummer (Durocher Farm), Kerry Hoffman-Richards and Chazzbo Media for helping to make the following video:’

The right size sprayer for the job – thanks to Penn State, Univ. New Hampshire and Chazzbo Media (2014).

Using the Carrarospray in highbush blueberry (2014).

We staged this video (spraying only water) to show how a sprayer can be too small for an operation. This 3-pt hitch GB cannot overcome the cross wind and the spray barely reaches the apple trees. Reducing travel speed and increasing pressure won’t cut it, either (2011). Make sure you have enough “sprayer” for the job.